Most of us have been unfortunate enough to have persistent acne problems, with ugly lesions and other marks and scars that linger and never seem to go away. If this is you, start researching now how to get rid of acne scars and the many available acne scar repair options out there.
Macules look like scars but aren’t. They are flat and reddish colored marks that are the end stage of inflamed acne lesions. Macules, unlike scars, eventually disappear, although it might take up to 6 months of waiting. Post-Inflammatory Pigmentation is another mark (discoloration of skin) that healing acne lesions might leave behind. This type of pigmentation is far more common in darker-skinned people. The pigmentation change can last up to18 months and lasts longer if exposed to the sun. Ice Pick Scars, the most common of acne scarring, take a thin and sharp structure, appearing most often on the cheeks. These types of scars are deep, reaching the subcutaneous layer for this reason they are difficult to erase with just skin resurfacing treatments. Box Car Scars are roundish grooves in the skin with sharp, vertical rims. They most often appear on the temples and cheeks; they can be superficial or deep. Rolling Scars appear rolling due the fact that the scar tissue is tethered to the subcutaneous layer below. Although varying in length, these scars tend to be the longest of those related to acne. Hypertrophic Scars are raised scars that reveal themselves with a pinkish or reddish tone.
10 Acne Scar Treatments
The beauty and cosmetics industry has made successful advances in acne scar treatment. Read about the available acne scar removal products and treatments so you can choose the one that is best for you:
1. Acne Treatment as Prevention
Clear your skin as a first step! Eliminating acne is the most effective way to prevent post-lesion scarring. No acne, no need for acne scar removal.
2. Acne Scar Removal Cream
Topical creams that contain tretinoin or alpha-hydroxy acids can improve acne and reduce the appearance of staining and scars with gentle exfoliating action and stimulation of collagen production.
3. Natural Acne Scar Removal
Onion extract and mucin both act as an anti-inflammatory. The onion slows down the production of collagen, therefore reducing the extent that hypertrophic scars are seen. Mucin, on the contrary, stimulates collagen and elastin production as well as that of healthy new skin cells.
4. Chemical Peels
Chemical peels unfortunately are not the most effective way to treat scars, however, they do work wonders on post-inflammatory pigmentation caused by acne.
Injections are used to lift scars as well as soothe. This works best with scars with smooth shoulders like rolling scars. If applying tension at the scar edges improves the appearance, filler injections will improve the scar. Steroid injections decrease inflammation and depress hypertrophic and/or keloid scars.
6. Non-Ablative Collagenosis
With the use of radiofrequency and laser devices, collagen formation is encouraged in the subcutaneous layers, without damaging the outer layer that is visible.
Fine scars and stains are eroded away with the exfoliating action of aluminum crystals.
Photorejuvenation uses laser or broadband visible light to stimulate new collagen protein formation.
9. Scar Revision
Scar revision extracts the scar and leaves only a straight incision scar. This procedure is popular for skin areas that are highly discernible. This works well for ice pick and boxcar scars. Subcision is used to cut scar tissue that is tethered to the tissue, i.e. rolling scars. Injection of a filler substance can fill in the space that was once tethered down.
10. Resurfacing: Ablative Laser Treatments and Dermabrasion
Resurfacing lasers quickly strip away the outer layer of skin in order to remove scarred skin and encourage new skin production. Furthermore, the laser brings about increased collagen formation. Dermabrasion removes surface layer problems with abrasive wire or brush. Many experts consider this the best acne scar removal first step treatment for extensive scarring.